How to spot propaganda. This is really difficult. If you're able to help please comment.
1. Anything related to WW2
Is he being panted as the next Hitler? Will this lead to camps? Probably not. They want you to hate one side so that attacks on them seem justified.
Are you seeing /hearing /reading the full thing or has it been clipped to fit the pre existing narative? Not sure, seek out the full clip and judge for yourself if it was taken out of context or not.
Thug, outrageous, disgraceful are all examples of opinions. If you see words like these, chances are they're telling you how to think. Propaganda.
4. Same opinion
Does everyone (at least 'on your side') have the exact same opinion on a topic. How often does your group of friends all have the same take on local stories /drama? Why is it that bigger stories lead to everyone thinking the same?
5. Mind reading
They did X because.... How do they know why they did X? Can they read there minds or are they guessing? If they're guessing, how much value should you give to their opinion? None, it's propaganda.
Thanks Jay in the comments for this. What happens when you question the story? Do they refuse to answer? Derail and answer something else? Label and attack you for daring to ask? Good chance it's propaganda.
Does every story enhance a narative? Are stories that go against the narrative mocked /listed as evil? Does all new evidence prove the preexisting narative? It's propaganda
8. Victim / oppressor
Is there a clear good/bad devide. As Norm MacDonald said 'The idiot sees the world as Good vs Evil. The cynic sees the world as Evil vs Evil. The truth that no one seems able to see is that the world is, and always has been, a battle of Good vs. Good.' Peoples reasons for doing things, even evil acts comes from what they believe to be a greater good. By focusing on' they did X because they are evil' we are blind to the real reasons and miss the real solutions. When you see a victim /oppressor narative, you're viewing propaganda.
Are you being told how you should feel? What would happen if you said you felt the opposite? Feelings are determined by the other aspects I listed above. Feelings determine our actions. Why actions do these feelings predict?
When we are scared we seek safety. Those providing the propaganda usally offer safety, if you follow them.
11. Bad data
For example these two graphs look identical. Ice cream sales throughout the year and shark attacks throughout the year. Does an increase in ice cream sales cause shark attacks? No. The increase in heat /sunshine causes both.
Often data is shown this way and we fail to ask if it's due to causation or corrination. I highly recommend the book 'Factfulness' to get a better understanding on how not to be fooled by data.
12. Celebs views
If you see a celeb talking about the current thing. Pushing the same narrative, that then gets shared everywhere. It's propaganda.